Apa come epiteto di Hercle

Giovanni Colonna

Contenuto in: Studi Etruschi 80 - 2017

pp. 151-155, Tav. 1

DOI: 10.26406/StEtr80-010


As it is well known, the term apa in Etruscan means “father” in connection with both the profane and sacred spheres. In this paper, the archaic inscription (apa[-?-])
found at Caere-Sant’Antonio is reconsidered, and it is proposed that it be attributed to Hercle. This new interpretation should also be applied to three other inscriptions discovered in the Vigna Parrocchiale sacred area. Furthermore, the epithet “father” in connection with Hercules, which up until now was known in ancient written sources only through Prop. IV, IX 71, is considered a clue to the recognition of Hercle as the main god of the Vigna Parrocchiale temple.